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The performance versions, the Mini Cooper, was a successful rally automotive. The distinctive two-door Mini was designed for BMC by Sir Alec Issigonis. The most senior art gallery is the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, which houses a group of over 2,300 work courting from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Tate galleries house the national collections of British and international fashionable artwork; additionally they host the famously controversial Turner Prize. The National Galleries of Scotland are the 5 nationwide galleries of Scotland and two companion galleries.

The major non secular groups in Northern Ireland are organised on an all-Ireland foundation. Though collectively Protestants constitute the general majority, the Roman Catholic Church of Ireland is the largest single church. The Presbyterian Church in Ireland, closely linked to the Church of Scotland when it comes to theology and historical past, is the second largest church adopted by the Church of Ireland (Anglican) which was disestablished within the nineteenth century. The neo-classical monuments that proliferated on the finish of the 18th century and the beginning of the nineteenth century, similar to The Kymin at Monmouth, were makes an attempt to meld the ideas of Britishness with the Greco-Roman empires of classical antiquity. The new and expanding British Empire offered «unprecedented opportunities for upward mobility and the accumulations of wealth», and so the «Scottish, Welsh and Irish populations have been ready to suppress nationalist points on pragmatic grounds».

In 1856 William Henry Perkin discovered the primary synthetic dye (Mauveine – a purple color), which was suitable as a dye of silk and other textiles, helping to revolutionise the world of style. As a multi-national state, the UK has no single nationwide costume.

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Over the 2 centuries following the Norman conquest of England of 1066, and the building of the Tower of London, castles such as Caernarfon Castle in Wales and Carrickfergus Castle in Ireland have been built. Music hall is a British theatrical entertainment well-liked from the early Victorian period to the mid-20th century.

The United Kingdom has numerous national and local radio stations which cover a great number of programming. The most listened to stations are the five major national BBC radio stations. BBC Radio 2, a varied well-liked music and chat station geared toward adults is constantly highest within the rankings. Currently offered by Lauren Laverne, it is the longest running music radio programme in British historical past.

Some individuals opted «to mix each identities» as «they felt Scottish or Welsh, however held a British passport and were due to this fact British», whereas others saw themselves as completely Scottish or exclusively Welsh and «felt quite divorced from the British, whom they noticed as the English». For centuries, artists and architects in Britain have been overwhelmingly influenced by Western artwork historical past. Amongst the first visual artists credited for growing a distinctly British aesthetic and creative type is William Hogarth.

Since the 19th century center names (additional forenames) have turn out to be very common and are typically taken from the title of a member of the family. The Tudor rose represents England, a thistle Scotland, the flax flower and shamrock Northern Ireland, and the leek and daffodil Wales. The rose, shamrock and thistle are engrafted on the identical stem on the coat of arms of the United Kingdom. Another major floral image is the remembrance poppy, which has been worn in Britain since 1921 to commemorate soldiers who have died in warfare. In the weeks main as much as Remembrance Sunday they are distributed by The Royal British Legion in return for donations to their «Poppy Appeal», which helps all present and former British army personnel.

A group of girls from Wales marched from Cardiff to RAF Greenham in Berkshire in 1981. They have been protesting in opposition to the British authorities’s determination to web site nuclear missiles there.

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Chile has the biggest population of descendants of British settlers in Latin America. Over seven-hundred,000 Chileans may have British (English, Scottish and Welsh) origin, amounting to four.5% of Chile’s population. Some Scots settled within the country’s extra temperate areas, where the climate and the forested panorama with glaciers and islands might have reminded them of their homeland (the Highlands and Northern Scotland) while English and Welsh made up the remaining. The Irish immigrants, who had been frequently confused with the British, arrived as retailers, tradesmen and sailors, settling along with the British in the main buying and selling cities and ports.

British Women and Cultural Practices of Empire, 1770-1940

«Official UK Parliament internet web page on parliamentary sovereignty». In the twentieth century the emancipation of girls, the greater freedoms loved by both women and men in the years following the Second World War, larger affluence and simpler divorce have modified gender roles and dwelling arrangements significantly.

The influence of immigration may be seen within the elevated prominence of World music, notably Jamaican music. The Nineteen Eighties have been a profitable decade in British pop, as a second British Invasion was witnessed and new expertise enabled genres corresponding to synthpop to form. Jazz saw a resurgence as black British musicians created new fusions corresponding to Acid Jazz. Indie rock was a response to the perceived saturation of the music industry by pop, exemplified by Stock Aitken Waterman’s domination of the charts. This continued within the Nineteen Nineties, as boy bands and girl groups dominated the singles chart, while the Madchester scene helped drive alternative rock and Britpop to the mainstream.